吉隆坡工程与科学展:马来西亚的科普实践

发布时间:   2018-09-05 09:40:36      浏览数量:  次  

  自十年前以来,马来西亚一直面临着青年人对科学、技术、工程和数学(STEM)的兴趣下降的问题。尽管这种衰落并非马来西亚所独有,因为许多其他国家也面临着同样的现象,然而这种趋势对马来西亚社会经济的严重影响引起了政府和工业部门广泛担忧。根据教育部的最新数据显示,马来西亚只有大约20%的高中学生在学习科学范畴的课程,这与政府设定的60%学生学习科学和40%的学生专注非科学学习的目标相去甚远。
  意识到上述问题的严重性,2013年,由东南亚工程技术学院(AAET)、马来西亚工程师学院(IEM)、马来西亚高技术产业政府组织(MIGHT)、拉曼大学(UTAR)四个机构发起的“吉隆坡工程与科学展”(Kuala Lumpur Engineering Science Fair, refers to KLESF)应运而生。目的是研究并采取措施提高学生对STEM教育和科学工程类职业的兴趣。
  KLESF侧重强调学生和老师的实践经验,有益地补充了学校书本课程外的知识。到目前为止,KLESF已经实施了针对学校学生、教师和家长的各种项目。

  其中一个项目是“吉隆坡工程与科学展”,一个为期3天的STEM展会,汇集了所有的利益相关者(非政府组织、大学、工业、政府、学校、学生、教师、家长),展示相关的项目,并开展内容丰富的活动,丰富了学生的STEM实践经验。这项年度盛会在2017年吸引了超过6万人参加,包括马来西亚当地和东盟、中国、中国台湾等国际和地区代表。
  在一年一度的展会上,我们举办了一场名为“KLESF挑战赛”的STEM设计竞赛。这是一场国际比赛,邀请学校的学生展示他们的STEM作品并参加展会。到目前为止,这项比赛每年吸引了国内外300多支队伍参加。

Kuala Lumpur Engineering Science Fair (KLESF):
Malaysia has been facing the problem of declining interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) among its youth since a decade ago. Although such decline is not unique to Malaysia as many other countries also face the same phenomena the socio-economic impact on Malaysia is seriously worrying the government and industry. Based on the latest data of Ministry of Education (MOE) we have merely about 20% of upper secondary students studying in science stream. This is far from the target once set by the Government of 60% in science and 40% in non-science.
Realising the seriousness of the problem a community initiative called the Kuala Lumpur Engineering Science Fair (KLESF) was started in 2013 by four ogananisations as follows to look into and carry out ways to enhance school students’ interest in STEM education and career.
1. ASEAN Academy of Engineering and Technology (AAET)
2. Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM)
3. Malaysian Industry-Government Group for High Technology (MIGHT)
4. Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR)
The emphasis of KLESF has been mainly on hands-on experience for students and teachers, complementing the school curriculum which tends to be skewed towards bookwork based. Thus far, KLESF has carried out various programmes targeted on school students, teachers and parents.
One of the programmes carried out is KLESF: The Fair, a 3-day STEM fair that gather all stakeholders (NGOs, universities, industry, government, schools, students, teachers, parents) to exhibit relevant projects and carry out activities content to enrich the hands-on experience of students in STEM. This has become an annual event that has attracted participants more than 60,000 in its latest 2017 sequel, locally and internationally (ASEAN, China, Taiwan, etc.)  
During the annual fair a STEM design competition called KLESF Challenge is held. This is an international competition in which school students are invited to exhibit their STEM projects  and participate in the fair. So far, the competition has attracted more than 300 teams each year, locally and internationally.