Space Exploration and the Future of Mankind
I. Name of the Forum
Space Exploration and the Future of Mankind
II. Introduction to the Forum
With the rapid development of science and technology, the development and application of space science and technology play an increasingly important role in the development of countries and regions. It can be said that modern human life cannot be isolated from the development of space technology and its industry. However, there are still quite a lot people who do not understand or even misunderstand the aerospace undertakings which are actually closely related to the lives of the people. As they do not know much about the aerospace science and technology, to enhance the quality of the public aerospace science, to enhance the public interest in and participation in the aerospace undertakings, and to develop the productivity oriented by science and technology in contemporary society are of vital importance.
Faced with the vast universe, how small human beings are. Facing the vast unknown space, the people of all countries in the world would be a united group and to build a "community of human destiny in outer space" is necessary. The development of space industry is the needs of the people of the world. As a big country in space industry, China's development not only guarantees the happy life of the Chinese people, but also brings convenience to the people of the world by providing space technology services to other countries. Through this sub-forum, we will let the world know about China's space activities, demonstrate the openness and inclusiveness of China's space activities, explore effective ways to popularize space science knowledge with countries and organizations all over the world, create a good atmosphere for learning space knowledge, and work together to create peace, cooperation and security. To help to form an orderly space environment, together to create a "good life for all mankind", demonstrates the responsibility of China as a space power.
At this sub-forum, the Chinese Astronautical Society choose "space exploration and the future of mankind" as the theme and invite representatives of aerospace industry at home and abroad to make a brief exchange of sharing. The discussion would be related to the following topics: introducing the development of China's space industry and China's model, the application and scientific literacy of commercial space development between China and the world, the sharing of space education experience and the training of space talent, the exploration of effective methods for popularizing public scientific literacy especially based the case of Science Museum, the exploration and case study of human space order, and research on aerospace technology and medical livelihood. Through the brilliant speeches of various experts, we can learn from past experience, look forward to the future development, fully exchange the international experience of industrial development and science communication, jointly plan the development of space science popularization and science communication, discuss the diversification trend of space industry, promote international exchanges and cooperation.
1. 9:25 Prospects for China’s Space Future Development
Following the innovation-driven development strategy and the “Belt and Road Initiative”, the purpose and principles of China's space development are introduced, focusing on the progress and application prospects of the national civil space infrastructure construction, the roadmap of heavy-lift launch vehicles, Manned Space Program, Lunar Exploration Program and subsequent missions, deep space exploration program, BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, High-resolution Earth Observation System and other related major space programs. The policy on encouraging and guiding commercial space development, the legislation on China space law and the policy on space international cooperation are also interpreted.
2. 9:40 Space Commercialization and Civic Scientific Literacy
Rapid Development of Space Science and Technology provides a solid basis for space commercialization and privatization. Space commercialization starts in two major fields: telecommunications services and Remote Sensing. With the increasing involvement and interests of private entities in space activities and the start of space resources exploration, the existing space law faces severe challenges. China actively participated in space commercialization and cooperation, and made spectacular achievements. Space commercialization is closely related to civic scientific literacy. Annual Report on China’s Civic Scientific Literacy has already mentioned several items related to space commercialization. It is necessary to call upon space commercial enterprises to deepen and develop fully the project on civic scientific literacy in the space field so that the comprehensive civic literacy can be improved.
3. 9:55 Space Law Literacy Through Capacity Building
Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz
This talk will look at two examples space law capacity building beyond the legal community. The first is how a space law curriculum was developed for use by the United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs. Its audience was the non-legal professionals thaw work at the UN Regional Centers. The second example is the International Institute of Space Law Manfred Lachs Moot Court Competition. The competition is conducted annually in four world regions: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Africa. Approximately 60 teams participate each year. The audience includes both legal professionals and laypeople.
4. 10:10 Sitting on the Earth and Going into Space: Viewpoint on Space Exploration
Since the beginning of the world, mankind began to imagine the mystery of outer space. However, the exploration of space remained at the stage of sitting on the earth until 1950s because of the restraint of gravity of the earth. A lot of well-known tales and stories during that time were widely spread such as "Kuafu chasing the sun", "Nvwa mending the sky", "Chang'e flying to the moon". Many professional instruments and facilities for astronomical observation were invented, like ecliptic armilla, equatorial armilla, quadrant, etc. On October 4, 1957, the first artificial satellite was launched, marking a new stage of space exploration. Human beings are realizing a better acknowledgement of space through a deeper understanding of the earth. In recent years, the implementation of China's space projects have promoted wide application of space technology in China and made a new contribution to human space exploration.
This report will illustrate the myths and legends, instruments for astronomical observation, modern China's space projects at the two stages of human space exploration, highlighting the achievements of China's space exploration. It will also look forward to the beautiful future of space exploration and discuss the new forms of space education, promoting the popularization of space technology and improving public space scientific literacy by making human wisdom and technology flying with the wings of art.
5. 10:25 Space Education and Space Awareness – Contributors to Society
Steven Richard Eisenhart
The Space Foundation is a US-based global non-profit, non-governmental organization. Its mission is to be the preeminent resource for space education, a trusted source of space information and a provider of exceptional forums for the exchange of ideas.
Space Education and Space Awareness are two key pillars of of the Foundation’s strategic plan to meet its mission.
The keynote will discuss the Space Foundation approach to Space Education and Space Awareness as these two areas are significantly inter-related. Both contribute to science literacy and public awareness. Additionally, they serve to increase capacity of nations. The keynote will highlight various programs of the Foundation and stimulate a dialog of how they help to benefit society.
6. 10:45 Aerospace Medicine and Public Health
“Fly out of the earth, roam the universe, explore Mars...” It is doubtless that the dream is the greatest one human have in the twenty-first Century and that it will be realized. But how much do you know about health risks when you explore the road in a long way? During the 56 years of manned space program and 879 days of resident experience, we have been constantly learning the impact of the space environment on human health. The progress resulted in the application of basic disciplines which aimed at solving physiological and psychological problems affecting the health of astronauts, development of health monitoring techniques in special environments to ensure the health of astronauts. That’s how Aerospace medicine came into being. At the same time, the study on the adaptive regulation and steady-state reconstruction of human body to gravity changes has also provided a new vision, new ideas, new methods and new technologies for further understanding of public health issues. Let's get closer to science, to space, to space medicine, to know more about ourselves.
7. 11:00 Exploration and a Sustainable Future
Exploration captures the imagination, sparks curiosity, and fires our species drive to challenge the unknown. Yuri Gagarin’s space travel inspired the world, including a young boy in Hokkaido, Japan. Nature’s unexpectedness interested that boy and that propelled him into a life filled with challenges, exploration, and discoveries.
Science and technology provided possibilities and incentives to learn, experience, and share. Education became an integral part that led to further research and then, to space travel and more sharing through education. Through that sharing, the public’s science literacy began to improve and expand. Space, the deep sea, Antarctica each contributed to the public’s knowledge and awareness. However, a triumvirate of disasters shocked and saddened the world and forced a re-evaluation. “What is the final purpose, the final goal of all this exploration, of challenging the unknown, of all this science and technology?” We must now consider what we are doing, why we are doing it, and what actions we will take. The global environment and the existence of our species and all life is in the balance. Sustainability of the Earth’s environment and therefore, our species, is possible by learning to live in harmony with this planet of life.
8. Closing Speech by Mr. WANG Yiran
IV. Speakers in the Forum
1. LI Guoping
Mr. LI Guoping, Ph.D. in engineering, Academician of International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), Director General of System Engineering Department of China National Space Administration (CNSA). He has been engaged in the research and development of space programs, the management of major space projects, the compilation of space strategy planning, the popularization of satellite applications, and the international exchanges and cooperation, and has organized more than 20 major space projects and programs.
2. Mamoru Mohri
Dr. Mamoru Mohri, born in Hokkaido, the land of pioneer in Japan, embodies frontier spirt. He is not only the first Japanese astronaut on Space Shuttle, but also the first CEO of the National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation (Miraikan) introducing the frontier in Science and Technology as a liaison between researchers and general public. His new style in science communication creates Japan Cool in science centre world. His “Space Classroom” in 1992 was broadcasted live from space and became a Japan-wide event. In his second mission in 2000, he was successful in obtaining three dimensional cartography data of the Earth, applying the first high definition camera to observe the earth environment. He participated in the first solar eclipse observation trip to Antarctica and visited there twice. He also dove 6,500m into the deep sea. He enjoys his everlasting challenge to explore the unknown. He has honors of the Special Award from the Prime Minister of Japan, the Honorary Member of the Order of Australia, Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur from the Prime Minister of French Republic, and many others.
3. WENG Jingnong
WENG Jingnong, Ph.D. of Computer Science, Dean of International School, Beihang University, Executive Director of Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (China) (Affiliated to the United Nations), Director of APSCO Education and Training Centre (China), Expert of BeiDou Satellite Navigation Office (CSNO). His research interest includes Digital Earth, GIS, Date Mining and Space Education, etc.
He has attended the 57th, 58th, 59th, 60th, 61st sessions of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) of the United Nations, the 50th, 51st, 52nd, 53rd, 54th, 55th sessions of the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of COPUOS, and made technical reports. He initiated an International Space Education Forum during IAC (International Aeronautics Congress) 2014 and acted as a Chairman. He organized a China Space Exploration Exhibition “flying with the wings of art” during the COPOUS session in Vienna in June 2015.
4. LI Yinghui
Dr. Li Yinghui is deputy general designer of China Manned Space Engineering astronaut system and the director of the National Key Laboratory of aerospace medicine & application of the Chinese astronaut scientific research and training center, working on the research of the basic and application of space medicine. She is an Academician of the Life Sciences Department of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) and member of the COSPA China Committee. She also works as Executive Editor of Aerospace Medicine & Medical Engineering and as deputy editor of REACH.
She has presided over many national manned space projects and major national scientific research tasks that focus on astronaut health protection and experiments. As China's chief expert, she has hosted many international collaborative studies. She is China’s chief engineer of Manned Mars Flight International Cooperation Project "Mars 500" and chief engineer of Controlled Ecology and Life Conservation Integration Test "Space 180".
5. Steven Richard Eisenhart
Senior Vice President - Strategic & International Affairs, Space Foundation
As head of international affairs, Eisenhart is principally responsible for the Space Foundation's global strategy and relationships with international space agencies and organizations, foreign embassies and U.S. organizations involved with global space programs. He is directly responsible for the program development and integration of key Space Foundation activities including the annual Space Symposium. He also supervises the Space Foundation's government affairs activities in the Washington, D.C., office including relationships with government agencies, other space advocacy organizations and associations and corporate interests.
Since joining the Space Foundation in 1996, Eisenhart has had a broad range of responsibilities, serving as senior vice president of strategic communications, director of communications and public affairs and communications manager. Eisenhart was a military public affairs official and is a graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point.
6. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz
Prof. Gabrynowicz has been teaching space law since 1987 at the Univ. of North Dakota and the Univ. of Mississippi. She was the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Space Law for 12 years. Prof. Gabrynowicz is an internationally recognized expert and lectures at various universities around the world including the University of Vienna, the University of Warsaw, the Beijing Institute of Technology School of Law, the China University of Political Science and Law, and the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Currently, Prof. Gabrynowicz serves on three U.S. Federal advisory committees and is the recipient of numerous awards and honors. Most recently the International Astronomical Union recognized her work by naming an asteroid after her.
7. ZHAO Yun
Prof. ZHAO Yun is Professor and Head of Department of Law at the University of Hong Kong; PhD (Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands); LLM (Leiden University, the Netherlands); LLM & LLB (China University of Political Science and Law). He is Council Member of Chinese Society of International Law and Chinese Institute of Space Law. He is listed as arbitrator in several international and national arbitration commissions. He is also Member of International Institute of Space Law at Paris. He sits in the editorial teams of several SSCI journals. He is winner of Prof.Dr. I.H.Ph. Diederiks-Verschoor Award 2006 by International Institute of Space Law in France, the first winner of Isa Diederiks-Verschoor Prize in the Netherlands, and also first winner of SATA Prize by the Foundation of Development of International Law in Asia (DILA). He has published widely on various topics including particularly Dispute Resolution and Space Law.
8. WANG Yiran
Wang Yiran is the vice president and secretary general of Chinese Society of Astronautics (CSA). He began his career in 1989 after graduating from Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics with a M.A. in mechanics. Prior to joining CSA in 2015, Mr. Wang served as vice president of China Academy of Aerospace Systems Science and Engineering where he has been engaged in aerospace strategic planning and policy research. He has led numerous research projects that include China’s Space Development Strategy in 2030, the Thirteenth Five Year Plan for China’s Space Industry, White Paper of China’s Space Activities in 2011, White Paper of China’s Space Activities in 2016 and studies on space law. He has authored a great number of papers on international space cooperation. Mr. Wang had once studied at International Space University.