Prof. GONG Ke, Ph.D., was born in Beijing in 1955. In 1977, He was enrolled into Beijing Institute of Technology, where he obtained his bachelor's degree in Electronic Engineering and became a graduate student. He was dispatched by the government to study abroad in 1982 and obtained PhD in Technical Science from theUniversityofGraz, Austria. He returned to Tsinghua University in 1987 to serve as a lecturer. During his service at Tsinghua University, he became an Associate Professor in 1990 and further became a Professor in 1994. He used to serve as the Dean of the Electronic Engineering Department, Director of Tsinghua Aerospace Research Center, Associate Dean of the Graduate School, Head of the Science & Technology Office, Vice President, Director of State Key Laboratory onMicrowaveand Digital Communications, and Director of Tsinghua National Research Center for Information Science and Technology (formerly known as the National Lab). He also served as the President of Tianjin University from July 2006 to January 2011 and further as the President of Nankai University from January 2011 to January 2018.
He led the initiative on drafting China’s wireless transmission standard for digital television as well as the research on experimental microsatellite, through which he has received such awards as the State Technological Invention Award and National Defense Science and Technology Progress Award. He was successively appointed as a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics, an expert of the Aerospace Experts Committee for the National High-tech R&D Program (2001-2010), etc.
He is currently the Director of the Academic Committee of Nankai University, the Executive President of the Chinese Institute of the New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Strategies, and the President-elect of the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO).
Scientific literacy consists of scientific knowledge, methods, attitude and spirit. it is not inherited inborn, and science education is playing a key role in cultivating personal scientific literacy, which become a part of his/her personality. If scientific literacy is investigated historically, it could be found that, it does have historical characteristics. Today’s scientific literacy is basically a part of the industrial civilization. To acquire future oriented scientific literacy, science education has to be transformed to stressed some key factors reflecting the future needs, such as: (1) sustainability, i.e. people should have essential knowledge and correct attitude about human-Nature relationship, should be aware of and understand the world sustainable development goals and related targets, should behave responsibly to the sustainability; (2) ICT capability, i.e. understanding of essential ICT knowledge and grasping of basic ability of ICT application, including internet, AI, big data, etc.; (3) new learning capacity, less taught-leading more self-motivated learning, less mechanically memorizing more framework building, less problem solving more problem finding and formulating, etc.; (4) research integrity, this is of fatal importance as science/technology is having more and more commercial value.